In a study inspired by author's observation of the spiraling out of control use of mathematics by bankers, financiers and economists, the Western world's reliance on arithmetic and geometry is traced back, with support from the works of Medieval historian Alfred Crosby and of Anthropologist of Knowledge Paul Jorion, to its Medieval and Antiquity roots. The author bases on different areas such as philosophy with François Jullien's Chinese thought and Michel Bitbol with his epistemological reflections.
Ce dictionnaire du génie est un ouvrage qui couvre tous les aspects du génie civil et du génie militaire, très utile pour tous les aspects touchant la construction, mais aussi la défense et la sécurité, tant intérieure qu'extérieure. Il tient compte des dernières évolutions en matière de mines et de pièges et tout particulièrement les EEI (Engins Explosifs Improvisés), rencontrés aussi bien sur les opérations humanitaires que militaires.
This engineer dictionary includes all the aspects of civil engineering and combat engineering; it is a very useful book when dealing with all buildings aspects, but also regarding defense and security - both at home and abroad: mobility support, countermobility, and also topography and meteorology. It includes the latest changes regarding mines ans booby-traps - and more specifically IEDs (Improvised Explosive Devices).
The health information systems of developing countries have made significant progress these last years. Nowadays, the challenge they are facing is that of their use and the acknowledgement of their usefulness by all health-systems players. Indicators at the national level would be of interest if health information systems are effectively operational.
This cahier contains almost all the contributions to the two day meeting, commemorating the 70th year of the publication of Quine's seminal paper "New Foundations for Mathematical Logic", in which he describes for the first time the remarkable set theory
II. Conceptual Framework
The Concept of Big Technology
National Systems of Innovation
The Concept of the Knowledge Society
III. The Status of Research, Sources and Literature
Research and Literature
CHAPTER 1 - THE BEGINNINGS OF SWISS INVOLVEMENT IN EUROPEAN SPACE ACTIVITIES
I. The Origins of ESRO
The European Reactions to the Sputnik Launch
First Discussions about the Establishment of a European Organisation Dedicated to Space Research
Amaldi Meets Auger
II. Swiss Involvement in the Early Discussions on a European Space Research Organisation Switzerland and the Amaldi/Auger Idea
Swiss Politics Enters into the Negotiations on the European Space Research Organisation
III. Swiss Foreign Policy in the Post-WWII Years
IV. Setting up ESRO
The Meyrin Conference
Switzerland and the Work of COPERS
Alliance-Building in Switzerland
V. The Case of ELDO
VI. The Federal State and Science, Technology and Economic Policy in the Early 1960s
CHAPTER 2 - SWISS PARTICIPATION IN ESRO
I. Organising for Membership of ESRO
The Ratification Process
II. The First Steps of ESRO
III. Switzerland and ESRO's Science Programme
The Space Science Activities of Swiss Research Groups
The Swiss Discussions on the Funding of Space Research
The Role of the Swiss Science Council Space Science without Special Funding
IV. ESRO and Swiss Industrial Participation
The Zenit Sounding Rocket
The Principle of Fair Returns
V. Applications Satellites - the First Package Deal
The Advent of Applications Satellites
The Interim Intelsat Agreements
CETS Plans for European Communications Satellites
The EBU steps in
The "Comprehensive" Approach - the Causse Report
The Swiss Attitude towards Applications Satellites
Switzerland and the Launcher Question
The Bad Godesberg Conference
The First Package Deal
Swiss reactions to the First Package Deal
The Definitive Intelsat Agreements
Intelsat as a Turning Point for Swiss Space Policy
TABLE OF CONTENTS
VI. The Post-Apollo Programme and Ariane - the Second Package Deal 1
The Post-Apollo Programme
The Birth of the Ariane Project
The Second Package Deal
Switzerland and the Second Package Deal
The Ratification Process
VII. The Transition from ESRO to ESA
Developments at European Level
Ratifying the ESA Convention in Switzerland
CHAPTER 3 - SWISS PARTICIPATION IN ESA
I. The ESRO and ESA Science Programme of the 1970s
The Second Decade of European Space Science Activities
Giotto and Hipparcos - Two Major European Missions
II. Swiss Scientific Participation in the 1970s
The Space Science Situation in Switzerland in the Late 1960s
The Development of Swiss Space Science in the 1970s
Space Research and Swiss Science Policy
III. The Industrial Component of Swiss Space Activities in the 1970s
IV. From Development Phase to Operational Use - the Case of the Meteosat and Telecom Programmes
The User - a New Category of Actor in European Space Policy
The Meteosat Programme
The Swiss Meteorologists and the Meteosat Programme
The Telecom Programme
Switzerland and the Telecom Programme
V. The Discussions on a Swiss DBS System
The Tel-Sat Request
A DBS System and Swiss Media Policy
Handling the Tel-Sat Request
VI. ESA's Other Major Programmes - Ariane and Spacelab
The Ariane Programme
The Spacelab Programme
VII. The Microgravity and Remote Sensing Programmes
VIII. The Administration of Space Activities in Switzerland
IX. Setting the Stage for the European Space Policy of the 1990s
Switzerland and the ESA Ministerial Meetings of 1985 and 1987
Planning for the 1990s
The Swiss Influence on the Increase in the Science Programme Budget 308
ESA's Science Programme of the 1980s and the Horizon 2000 Programme
The Prodex Programme
Switzerland and the Decisions of the 1985
ESA Ministerial Meeting
Switzerland and the 1987 ESA Ministerial Meeting 321
Swiss Space Policy at the End of the 1980s
THE VARIOUS DIFFERENT STRANDS OF SWISS SPACE HISTORY
I. The Importance of Foreign Policy
II. Space Activities and Swiss Science, Technology and Industrial Policy
The Rhetorical Strategy
The Structural Weaknesses of the Swiss Federal
State in Science, Technology and Industrial Policy
The Comparison with the Case of Nuclear Technology
V. The User Organisations
VI. The Public
VII. Closing Words
Figures, Diagrams, and Pictures
Archives and other Unprinted Sources
Index of names
José Maria Dorado Gutiérrez
Chapter 1 : THE YEARS OF THE FIRST SPACE PLAN
SPAIN'S EFFORTS TO CREATE CAPABILITIES IN THE FIELD OF SPACE BETWEEN 1965 AND 1975
José Maria Dorado Gutiérrez and Pedro Sanz-Aranguez
Chapter 2 : A RELIABLE FACILITY
LAUNCH TOWER FOR SKYLARK ROCKET VEHICLES AT ESRANGE (SWEDEN)
José Rivacoba and José Maria Dorado Gutiérrez
Chapter 3 : A SPACE OBSERVATORY
THE ESA GROUND STATION IN VILLAFRANCA DEL CASTILLO
José Maria Dorado Gutiérrez and Miguel Angel Sabadell
Chapter 4 : THE ORIGINS OF SPAIN'S PARTICIPATION IN ESRO
José Manuel Sanchez-Ron
Chapter 5 : HISTORY OF SPAIN'S PARTICIPATION IN ESA'S SCIENCE PROGRAMME
Miguel Angel Sabadell
Chapter 6 : THE HISTORY OF THE ARIANE LAUNCHER IN SPAIN
Miguel Angel Llorca Palomera et alii
Chapter 7 : SPANISH ANTENNAS ON BOARD ESA SATELLITES
Miguel Angel Llorca and Pedro Pinto
Chapter 8 : SPANISH DEPLOYABLE ELEMENTS AND MECHANISMS ON BOARD ESA SATELLITES AND SPACE PLATFORMS
Chapter 9 : INFLUENCE OF THE EUROPEAN SPACE PROGRAMME ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE SPANISH SPACE INDUSTRY
José Maria Dorado Gutiérrez
Space Activity in Spain. Major Achievements
Index of names
Big Earth Data in Support of the Sustainable Development Goals 2019 presents 27 case studies of "Big Earth Data Science Engineering Program" (CASEarth) on the development of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) indicators and sustainability assessments in six SDGs, including: SDG 2 (Zero Hunger), SDG 6 (Clean Water and Sanitation), SDG 11 (Sustainable Cities and Communities), SDG 13 (Climate Action), SDG 14 (Life below Water), and SDG 15 (Life on Land). These cases provide in-depth, systematic research and evaluation results on the selected SDGs and indicators by means of data, method models, and decision support at global, regional, national and local scales. The 27 case studies covered 20 indicators, with focus varying from constructing databases, building index systems, and evaluating indicator progress. Each case study first clearly lists the corresponding SDG targets and indicators it addresses, and then proceeds with the research methods, data, analysis results, and prospects for future research. It can be seen that Big Earth Data as a new scientific methodology has started demonstrating its great value and potential for applications in monitoring and evaluating SDGs for China and developing countries around the world. The report concludes with a summary of the major progress in Big Earth Data for SDGs and future research priorities.
The business of upstream oil and gas industry is a complex process that involves multidisciplinary participation. Producing crude oil and natural gas from the subsurface reservoir rocks to the point of the selling terminal requires stage by stage processes that costs several hundreds of millions of dollars to the operating companies. Because of the capital intensive nature of upstream investments, every required process is challenged of its economic impact or benefits it will have on the project's net present value (NPV). The techniques applied in determining the economics of these processes and their selection criteria are addressed in the book.
This book guides the reader through these strategic processes, and presents the participants involved in the business of upstream oil and gas prospecting and the conditions that dictate the field development and investment decisions by investors. It also reveals the shared interests and relationships that exist between international oil companies (IOCs) and national oil companies (NOCs) in the exploration and exploitation of their hydrocarbon resources and reserves. This text will serve the purpose of teaching and learning to those in the energy and financial sectors, as the methods, tools, and techniques discussed throughout the chapters will equip students, tutors, experts, and professionals with the necessary skills and knowledge of Exploration and Production (E&P) projects and energy financing and investment. The principles of project management as it applies in upstream oil/gas projects are discussed as well. And the criteria for project ranking, selection, and budgeting which are sine qua non to project financing and execution are well documented in this book.
The first two volumes of the Chinese Plant Names Index (CPNI) cover the years 2000 through 2009, with entries 1 through 5,516, and 2010 through 2017, with entries 5,517 through 10,795. A unique entry is generated for the specific name of each taxon in a specific publication. Taxonomic treatments cover all novelties at the rank of family, genus, species, subspecies, variety, form and named hybrid taxa, new name changes (new combinations and new names), new records, new synonyms and new typifications for vascular plants reported or recorded from China. Detailed information on the place of publication, including author, publication name, year of publication, volume, issue, and page number, are given in detail. Type specimens and collections information for the taxa and their distribution in China, as well as worldwide, are also provided. The bibliographies were compiled from 182 journals and 138 monographs or books published worldwide. In addition, more than 400 herbaria preserve type specimens of Chinese plants are also listed as an appendix.
This book can be used as a basic material for Chinese vascular plant taxonomy, and as a reference for researchers in biodiversity research, environmental protection, forestry and medicinal botany.
The significance of the existence of the system is to realize its function and maintain its stability, that is, the reliability and stability of the reliability. Reliability is affected by factors, component properties and system structure, and its changes are complex. In order to solve this problem, the authors proposed the space fault tree theory in 2012. This book is the first time that the fundamental part of the theory has been presented internationally. The authors of the book are Pro. Tiejun Cui and Dr. Shasha Li.
This book describes and comments on the results of research devoted to the studies of phase assemblages in the CaO-SiO2-Al2O3-Fe oxides chemical system, their stability and their evolution in our environment (temperature, pressure). Its aim is to be a research support, not only for researchers and development engineers but also more generally for others interested in materials sciences.
The book is divided in two parts; the first devoted to a description of `the system' using phase diagrams. The second explores the properties and uses of some of the minerals that are in widespread industrial and commercial use.
Much of the work presented in this book is fully original and corresponds to the research undertaken by François Sorrentino from his time at the chemistry department of the University of Aberdeen during the early 1970's, to recent years when he has resumed his interest in mineral research, particularly related to the synthesis of calcium silicates and calcium aluminates, and their industrial manufacture.
The present book is the continuation of a first volume, which dwelt on fairly classical materials science and environmental issues. This second volume of «Sustainable Materials Science» explores more broadly the connection of materials with the biosphere, the anthroposphere and society. There is a shift, therefore, from a STEM approach (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) to an SSH one (Social Sciences and Humanities).
This book is meant for students, researchers, engineers, social scientists and concerned citizens interested in how materials, nature and people interact. This volume concentrates on emissions to air, water and soil, on the connection with health and toxicology, climate change and the c collapse of biodiversity. It shows how materials exhibit a social value, in addition to their engineering properties and economic valuation. Materials also provide ecosystems services in the realm of industrial ecology. They are definitely social constructs. They exhibit agency. Their role, in their value chains, can be described in terms of Actors Network Theory (ANT).
This book is unique in its approach of overarching so many fields of knowledge. There are excellent treatises on materials science and on industrial ecology. However, the connection of materials with the social dimension of sustainability is rarely discussed elsewhere and the pluridisciplinary cocktail of approaches used here is truly new. The book positions itself in a worldview of four intersecting dimensions: materials and energy, space and time.
Multivariate analysis is a popular area in statistics and data
science. This book provides a good balance between conceptual
understanding, key theoretical presentation, and detailed
implementation with software R for commonly used multivariate
analysis models and methods in practice.
1 300 termes en français et en anglais
1 200 définitions en français
800 illustrations hyperréalistes
Tout le vocabulaire spécialisé que vous cherchez, en un coup d'oeil !
Depuis 1982, le Dictionnaire Visuel vous offre, en images, les mots pour tout dire. Ce succès mondial est maintenant disponible sous forme de volumes thématiques d'un format compact, proposant une exploration approfondie des sujets les plus passionnants.
Le Dictionnaire Visuel Définitions - Alimentation et cuisine présente un riche contenu encyclopédique, du cantaloup au poulpe, en passant par le nori et le batteur électrique. Des centaines d'illustrations hyperréalistes donnent accès à une terminologie bilingue
(français/anglais), ainsi qu'à des définitions claires et concises éclairant le sens des mots associés aux images et ne vous laissant jamais sur votre faim.
Conçu pour faciliter la recherche par association logique et doté d'un index bilingue, Le Dictionnaire Visuel permet de trouver rapidement le nom exact des objets et des phénomènes de la vie courante.
Le contenu ciblé de ce volume thématique présente, par l'intermédiaire de 800 illustrations, plus de 1 300 termes en français et en anglais liés à l'alimentation. Il enrichira votre vocabulaire de mots tels que pâtisson (courge au goût rappelant celui de l'artichaut) ou mitre du couteau (partie saillante empêchant la lame de toucher à la table lorsque le couteau est à plat), et vous permettra d'identifier cette drôle de racine cireuse achetée au marché. Les représentations d'aliments exotiques fascineront les curieux, tandis que les vues aériennes d'une cuisine commerciale, d'un restaurant et d'une ferme offriront en contexte tout le vocabulaire courant du domaine de la restauration.
Avec une présentation et une organisation du savoir toujours aussi accessibles et fiables, Le Dictionnaire Visuel Définitions - Alimentation et cuisine offre plus de réponses que jamais aux gourmands à la recherche du mot juste.
Ce rapport est le troisième examen des performances environnementales de l'Italie. Il évalue les progrès vers le développement durable et la croissance verte, et met l'accent sur les politiques qui favorisent une gestion plus efficace et efficiente de l'eau et la lutte contre le changement climatique.
The National Accounts of OECD Countries, Financial Balance Sheets includes financial stocks (both financial assets and liabilities), by institutional sector (non-financial corporations, financial corporations, general government, households and non-profit institutions serving households, total economy and rest of the world) and by financial instrument.
The data in this publication are also available in database format on the OECD iLibrary under the title OECD National Accounts Statistics: Financial Balance Sheets (http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/na-fbs-data-en).
This publication examines the critical issues surrounding water security (water shortage, water excess, inadequate water quality, the resilience of freshwater systems), providing a rationale for a risk-based approach and the management of trade-offs between water and other (sectoral and environmental) policies.
The report sets out a three-step process to "know", "target" and "manage" water risks: (1) appraising the risks, (2) judging the tolerability and acceptability of risks and weighing risk-risk trade-offs, and (3) calibrating appropriate responses.
The publication provides policy analysis and guidance on the use of market-based instruments and the complex links between water security and other policy objectives, such as food security, energy security, climate mitigation and biodiversity protection.
This report considers the potential of marine biotechnology to contribute to economic and social prosperity by making use of recent advances in science and technology. It discusses scientific and technological tools at the centre of a renewed interest in marine biotechnology, contributing to a new bioeconomy sector in many countries, and offering potential new solutions to global challenges. It also examines how these advances are improving our understanding of marine life and facilitating access to, and study of, marine organisms and ecosystems, and it considers the largely untapped potential of these bioresources.
This promise is considered alongside the challenges associated with the development of these resources which exist with complex ecosystems and fluidly distributed in a vast, largely shared environment. The report makes the case for a new global framework for the sustainable development of marine biotechnology and identifies some areas that will benefit from focused attention as governments develop policies to support it. In addition to this prospective view, this report identifies some early policy lessons learned by the governments which are leading attempts to benefit from bioresources.
Climate-related disasters have inflicted increasingly high losses on developing countries, and with climate change, these losses are likely to worsen. Improving country resilience against climate risks is therefore vital for achieving poverty reduction and economic development goals.
This report discusses the current state of knowledge on how to build climate resilience in developing countries. It argues that climate-resilient development requires moving beyond the climate-proofing of existing development pathways, to consider economic development objectives and resilience priorities in parallel. Achieving this will require political vision and a clear understanding of the relation between climate and development, as well as an adapted institutional set-up, financing arrangements, and progress monitoring and evaluation. The report also discusses two priorities for climate-resilient development: disaster risk management and the involvement of the private sector.
The report builds on a growing volume of country experiences on building climate resilience into national development planning. Two country case studies, Ethiopia and Colombia, are discussed in detail.
This report sets out the challenge for freshwater in a changing climate and provides policy guidance on how to navigate this new "waterscape". It highlights the range of expected changes in the water cycle and the challenge of making practical, on-site adaptation decisions for water. It offers policymakers a risk-based approach to better "know", "target" and "manage" water risks and proposes policy guidelines to prioritise action and improve the efficiency, timeliness and equity of adaptation responses.
The report also highlights general trends and good practices drawn from the OECD Survey of Policies on Water and Climate Change Adaptation, covering all 34 member countries and the European Commission. Individual country profiles are available, which provide a snapshot of the challenges posed by climate change for freshwater and the emerging policy responses (on-line only).
Finally, the report highlights the benefits of well-designed economic instruments (e.g. insurance schemes, water trading, water pricing), ecosystem-based approaches and `real options' approaches to financing. These approaches can improve the flexibility of water policy and investment, reducing the cost of adjusting to changing conditions.
In many OECD countries, governments have invested large amounts of public money to support renewable energy (RE) development and are requiring significant quantities of it to be sold by energy providers. But what are the economic impacts of these policies on the rural regions where deployment takes place? How can RE bring the greatest benefit to host regions? These are some of the questions explored by this study. Drawing on case studies in 16 regions within 10 countries, the research finds that while RE indeed represents an opportunity for stimulating economic growth in rural communities, its development benefits are not automatic. Realising them requires a complex and flexible policy framework and a long-term strategy, as well as a realistic appreciation of the potential gains from RE deployment. Making a positive connection between RE development and local economic growth will require more coherent strategies, the right set of local conditions, and a place-based approach to deployment.
Base erosion constitutes a serious risk to tax revenues, tax sovereignty and tax fairness for many countries. While there are many ways in which domestic tax bases can be eroded, a significant source of base erosion is profit shifting. This report presents the studies and data available regarding the existence and magnitude of base erosion and profit shifting (BEPS), and contains an overview of global developments that have an impact on corporate tax matters and identifies the key principles that underlie the taxation of cross-border activities, as well as the BEPS opportunities these principles may create. The report concludes that current rules provide opportunities to associate more profits with legal constructs and intangible rights and obligations, and to legally shift risk intra-group, with the result of reducing the share of profits associated with substantive operations. The report recommends the development of an action plan to address BEPS issues in a comprehensive manner.
This study analyses the promotion of collective action for agri-environmental public goods and addresses externalities by reviewing the experience of various OECD member countries. Twenty-five cases from
13 countries (Australia, Belgium, Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom) are examined. The study shows that collective action should be given serious consideration as a means of addressing many agricultural and natural resource issues, and in some cases collective action should be actively promoted.