Une biographie magistrale de Malcolm X écrite par un historien africain-américain de référence.
Depuis sa mort, Malcolm X est devenu bien plus qu'un militant de la libération noire : son héritage et sa mémoire font l'objet de luttes acharnées.
Prédicateur sectaire de la Nation of Islam, ou musulman orthodoxe converti à la tolérance, nationaliste noir ou révolutionnaire ouvert à toutes les alliances, ancien dealer, ex-prisonnier, partisan de l'autodéfense armée, dirigeant panafricain : dans les années, puis les décennies qui ont suivi sa mort, tout ou presque a été dit sur Malcolm X.
Devenu une icône de la culture populaire africaine-américaine et plus largement de la culture populaire et révolutionnaire dans de nombreux pays, la vie et le parcours politique de Malcolm X restent paradoxalement très mal connus, principalement au travers de son autobiographie écrite dans des conditions très controversées.
C'est ce vide que vient combler cette biographie de Malcolm X. Fruit d'années de recherches dans les archives du FBI, d'entretiens avec les innombrables personnages qui l'ont accompagné ou croisé, ce livre, écrit par un grand historien africain-américain, apporte un éclairage inédit sur les vies de Malcolm X, des rues de Harlem à sa mort brutale.
Ouvrage récompensé aux USA par le prix Pulitzer en 2012 et unanimement salué comme une somme unique de la vie de Malcolm X..
« Un portrait extraordinaire d'un homme et de son époque. Un chef-d'oeuvre. » -- San Francisco Chronicle « Dans cette biographie prodigieusement documentée [...] M. Marable fait astucieusement sauter les multiples couches de vernis plaqués sur la vie de son sujet - d'abord par Malcolm lui-même dans sa célèbre autobiographie, puis, après son assassinat, par ses partisans et ses opposants. » -- The New York Times
Constantly rewriting his own story, Malcolm X became a criminal, a minister, a leader, and eventually an icon, assassinated at the age of 39. The details of his life have long since calcified into a familiar narrative: his early years as a vagabond in Boston and New York, his conversion to Islam and subsequent rise to prominence as a militant advocate for black rights, his acrimonious split with the Nation of Islam, and ultimately his violent death at their hands. Yet this story, told and retold to various ends by writers, historians, and filmmakers, captures only a snapshot, a fraction of the man in full.
Manning Marable's new biography is a stunning achievement, filled with new information and shocking revelations that will reframe the way we understand his life and work. Malcolm X unfolds a sweeping story of the darkest days of racial unrest, from the rise of the Ku Klux Klan to the struggles of the civil rights movement, examining his engagement with the Nation of Islam, and the romantic relationships whose energy alternately drained him and pushed him to unimagined heights.
Malcolm X will stand as the definitive work on one of the most iconic figures of the twentieth century, a man who constantly strove, in the great American tradition, to remake himself anew.
Are the stars of the Civil Rights firmament yesterday's news? In Living Black History scholar and activist Manning Marable offers a resounding No!" with a fresh and personal look at the enduring legacy of such well-known figures as Malcolm X, Martin Luther King, Jr., Medgar Evers and W.E.B. Du Bois. Marable creates a living history" that brings the past alive for a generation he sees as having historical amnesia. His activist passion and scholarly memory bring immediacy to the tribulations and triumphs of yesterday and reveal that history is something that happens everyday. Living Black History dismisses the detachment of the codified version of American history that we all grew up with. Marable's holistic understanding of history counts the story of the slave as much as that of the master; he highlights the flesh-and-blood courage of those figures who have been robbed of their visceral humanity as members of the historical cannon. As people comprehend this dynamic portrayal of history they will begin to understand that each day we-the average citizen-are makers" of our own American history. Living Black History will empower readers with knowledge of their collective past and a greater understanding of their part in forming our future.
'Groundbreaking ... It will be difficult for anyone to better this book ... a work of art, a feast that combines genres skilfully: biography, true-crime, political commentary. It gives us Malcolm X in full gallop' Wil Haygood, Washington Post 'He was a country bumpkin who became a zoot-suited entertainer who became a petty criminal who became a self-taught intellectual ... In his revealing and prodigiously researched new biography, Marable vividly chronicles these many incarnations of Malcolm X, describing the "multiple masks" he donned over the years' Michiko Kakutani, The New York Times 'Explodes the myths that obscure the real man' Hugh Muir, Guardian 'By the end of the 1960s, Malcolm's disciples had elevated him to what Manning Marable calls "secular sainthood" ... But Marable resists the temptation of hagiography and fills in the gaps left by previous books. He gives us Malcolm in all his self-contradiction and self-doubt' Yo Zushi, New Statesman 'Lucid, hugely researched and surely definitive ... an extraordinary story' Dominic Sandbrook, Sunday Times 'Here at last is the meticulous portrait he deserves' Andrew Anthony, Observer
The Autobiography of Medgar Evers is the first and only comprehensive collection of the words of slain civil rights hero Medgar Evers. Evers became a leader of the civil rights movement during the late 1950s and early 1960s. He established NAACP chapters throughout the Mississippi delta region, and eventually became the NAACP's first field secretary in Mississippi. Myrlie Evers-Williams, Medgar's widow, partnered with Manning Marable, one of the country's leading black scholars, to develop this book based on the previously untouched cache of Medgar's personal documents and writings. These writings range from Medgar's monthly reports to the NAACP to his correspondence with luminaries of the time such as Robert Carter, General Counsel for the NAACP in the landmark Brown v. Board of Education case. Still, most moving of all, is the preface written by Myrlie Evers.