• Anglais Hitler

    Kershaw Ian

    Now at last in a single, abridged volume - the definitive life.When the two volumes of Ian Kershaw's biography of Hitler, Hitler 1889-1936: Hubris and Hitler 1936-1945: Nemesis were published, they were immediately greeted around the world as the essential works on perhaps the most malign figure ever to hold power in modern Europe. In the face of considerable demand for such an edition, Kershaw has now created a single volume version. The result is a frightening, fascinating narrative of how a bitter provincial failure from an obscure corner of Austria rose to unparalleled power; how the half-baked, contemptible ideas of a vagrant former art student coalesced into an ideology that for twelve horrific years shaped the fate of millions; and how both in his determination to impose his will militarily and to fend off his many enemies he unleashed a genocidal Armageddon. No one individual can stand in as the scapegoat for the vast social, technological, economic and military forces that shape our societies - but if ever there was one man whose ideas and personality shaped and cowed those forces, as well as embodying them, it was Hitler. This is his story and Kershaw tells it with unique authority, and with moral anger.

  • Ian Kershaw’s biography of Adolf Hitler is widely regarded as the definitive work on the subject, as well as one of the most brilliant biographies of our time. In Making Friends with Hitler, the great scholar shines remarkable new light on decisions that led to war by tracing the extraordinary story of Lord Londonderry--one of Britain’s wealthiest aristocrats, cousin of Winston Churchill, confidant of the king, and the only British cabinet member to outwardly support the Nazi party. Through Londonderry’s tragic tale, Kershaw shows us that behind the accepted dogma of English appeasement and German bullying is a much more complicated and interesting reality--full of miscalculations on both sides that proved to be among the most fateful in history.

  • The newest immensely original undertaking from the historian who gave us the defining two-volume portrait of Hitler, Fateful Choices puts Ian Kershaw?s analytical and storytelling gifts on dazzling display. From May 1940 to December 1941, the leaders of the world?s six major powers made a series of related decisions that determined the final outcome of World War II and shaped the course of human destiny. As the author examines the connected stories of these profound choices, he restores a sense of drama and contingency to this pivotal moment, producing one of the freshest, most important books on World War II in years?one with powerful contemporary relevance.

  • Anglais The End

    Kershaw Ian

    From the preeminent Hitler biographer, a fascinating and original exploration of how the Third Reich was willing and able to fight to the bitter end of World War II
    Countless books have been written about why Nazi Germany lost the Second World War, yet remarkably little attention has been paid to the equally vital questions of how and why the Third Reich did not surrender until Germany had been left in ruins and almost completely occupied. Drawing on prodigious new research, Ian Kershaw, an award-winning historian and the author of Fateful Choices, explores these fascinating questions in a gripping and focused narrative that begins with the failed bomb plot in July 1944 and ends with the death of Adolf Hitler and the German capitulation in 1945. The End paints a harrowing yet enthralling portrait of the Third Reich in its last desperate gasps.

  • Été 1914. L'Europe plonge dans une guerre dévastatrice qui va ébranler le système politique et les valeurs d'un continent entier. Une génération plus tard, alors que les survivants du premier conflit mondial sont encore choqués d'avoir vu sombrer dans la barbarie une civilisation qu'ils considéraient comme un modèle, l'Europe s'achemine vers une déflagration plus inhumaine encore : une guerre où le massacre de civils occuperait une place centrale et dont le point culminant serait le génocide des Juifs.
    Le grand historien du nazisme Ian Kershaw livre une synthèse magistrale de ce premier xxe siècle européen ensanglanté par deux guerres mondiales et poursuit le récit de cette ère d'autodestruction jusqu'au moment où le continent émerge de ses ruines, recomposé en deux blocs, divisé par la guerre froide. Sa lecture restitue toute la cohérence de l'histoire européenne avec une maîtrise, une profondeur de vue et une vivacité inégalables, mettant notamment l'accent, pour rendre compte de cet enchaînement catastrophique, sur quatre facteurs : l'explosion du nationalisme ethnique, la virulence des révisionnismes territoriaux, l'acuité des conflits de classe et la crise prolongée du capitalisme.
    Incisif, brillamment écrit, L'Europe en enfer est le livre de référence pour comprendre cette séquence fondatrice de notre présent.
    Traduit de l'anglais par Aude de Saint-Loup et Pierre-Emmanuel Dauzat.
    Ian Kershaw est l'auteur d'une monumentale biographie de Hitler (Flammarion, 2000 et 2001) et a publié au Seuil : Choix fatidiques. Dix décisions qui ont changé le monde (2009, " Points Histoire ", 2012) et La Fin, Allemagne 1944-1945 (2012, " Points Histoire ", 2014).

  • Hitler

    Ian Kershaw

    "Comment Hitler a-t-il été possible ? Comment un désaxé aussi bizarre a-t-il pu prendre le pouvoir en Allemagne, pays moderne, complexe, développé et culturellement avancé ? Comment a-t-il pu, à partir de 1933, s'imposer à des cercles habitués à diriger, bien éloignés des brutes nazies ? Comment a-t-il réussi à entraîner l'Allemagne dans le pari catastrophique visant à établir la domination de son pays en Europe, avec, en son coeur, un programme génocidaire terrible et sans précédent ? La réponse à ces questions, je ne l'ai trouvée qu'en partie dans la personnalité de l'étrange individu qui présida aux destinées de l'Allemagne au cours de douze longues années. Hitler, ceux qui l'admiraient comme ceux qui le dénigraient en convenaient, était une personnalité extraordinaire. Il avait de grands talents de démagogue ainsi qu'un oeil sûr, qui lui permettaient d'exploiter impeccablement la faiblesse de ses adversaires. On peut l'affirmer avec certitude : sans Hitler, l'histoire eût été différente. Cela donne à penser que la clé de l'énigme est à chercher moins dans la personnalité de Hitler que dans les changements vécus par la société allemande elle-même, traumatisée par une guerre perdue, l'instabilité politique, la misère économique et une crise culturelle. À toute autre époque, Hitler serait certainement resté un néant."
    Ian Kershaw

  • Dès sa publication en France en 1992, l'ouvrage de Ian Kershaw s'est imposé comme une indispensable référence. En effet, le retard pris par l'école historique française dans l'étude du national-socialisme est inquiétant, alors qu'à l'étranger les travaux sur le nazisme ne se comptent plus. Au point que même le spécialiste a du mal à en faire le tour. Quant au phénomène lui-même, il soulève de façon aiguë un certain nombre de problèmes théoriques d'interprétation d'une redoutable complexité. Aussi n'est-il pas surprenant que les étudiants aient quelque difficulté à s'orienter dans le dédale des analyses et contre-analyses dont l'histoire de l'Allemagne moderne continue de faire l'objet.

    On comprend dès lors l'impact qu'a eu et continue d'avoir Qu'est-ce que le nazisme ? Ian Kershaw dégage les problèmes clefs d'interprétation de la dictature nazie, explique de manière concise les zones d'ombre ou les débats qui demeurent, montre comment les historiens d'horizons différents les ont traités et, enfin, tente d'évaluer les positions en présence.

  • Après l'accumulation d'horreurs de la première moitié du XXe siècle qui avaient conduit " l'Europe en enfer ", les années 1950 à 2018 apportèrent la paix et une prospérité relative à la majeure partie de l'Europe. D'immenses progrès économiques transformèrent le continent. Le souvenir des guerres mondiales s'éloigna peu à peu, même si leur ombre a continué de planer sur les esprits.
    L'Europe était désormais un continent divisé, vivant sous une menace nucléaire, qui prit parfois des contours terrifiants. Ses habitants perdirent la maîtrise de leur destin, dicté par la guerre froide qui opposait les États-Unis et l'URSS, et se trouvèrent " précipités " dans une série de crises qui menaçaient de les faire basculer dans la catastrophe. Il y eut des succès éclatants : la dissolution du bloc soviétique, la disparition des dictatures et la réunification de l'Allemagne. L'accélération de la mondialisation, la dérégulation financière, la naissance d'un monde multipolaire, la révolution des technologies de l'information ont produit de nouvelles fragilités. L'enchevêtrement de crises qui ont suivi 2008 a été l'avertissement le plus clair adressé aux Européens : la paix et la stabilité ne sont aucunement garanties et le continent pourrait bien connaître de nouvelles fractures. Nous sommes entrés dans une nouvelle ère d'incertitudes.
    Dans ce livre remarquable, Ian Kershaw brosse un ample tableau du monde dans lequel nous vivons. Puisant ses exemples à travers tout le continent, Des temps d'incertitudes / L'Age global éclaire puissamment l'histoire du temps présent et jette un regard prudent sur notre futur.
    Ian Kershaw est l'auteur d'une monumentale biographie de Hitler (Flammarion, 2000 et 2001) et a publié au Seuil : Choix fatidiques. Dix décisions qui ont changé le monde (2009, " Points Histoire ", 2012), La Fin, Allemagne 1944-1945 (2012, " Points Histoire ", 2014), et L'Europe en enfer, 1914-1949 (2016, " Points Histoire ", 2018).

  • Les années 1940 et 1941 ont été décisives dans l'histoire : en l'espace de dix-huit mois, non seulement la guerre devient mondiale, mais le XXe siècle tout entier bascule dans la violence et l'horreur. La cascade d'événements qui marque les débuts du conflit confronte les acteurs à des choix qui, pour fatidiques qu'ils aient été, n'étaient cependant pas inéluctables. À Londres, Tokyo, Rome, Moscou, Berlin et Washington, politiques et militaires, qu'ils cherchent une issue à la crise ou tentent de l'exploiter, décident de l'avenir d'un monde où tout semble possible.
    Ian Kershaw les fait revivre, à travers dix décisions d'une portée sans précédent : de l'entrée en guerre de la Grande-Bretagne à la décision de Staline de s'allier à Hitler, du choix de Roosevelt de s'engager dans une guerre non déclarée à l'entrée du Japon dans le conflit, de la volonté de l'Allemagne d'affronter les États-Unis à la mise en œuvre par Hitler du génocide des Juifs.
    Avec un art consommé de l'analyse et de la narration, Ian Kershaw livre là une somme magistrale.
    Traduit de l'anglais par Pierre-Emmanuel Dauzat
    Ian Kershaw est professeur d'histoire contemporaine à l'université de Sheffield. Il est notamment l'auteur d'une monumentale biographie de Hitler (Flammarion, 1999-2000) qui a fait date.

  • Britain, as the most powerful of the European victors of World War One, had a unique responsibility to maintain the peace in the aftermath of the Treaty of Versailles. The outbreak of a second, even more catastrophic war in 1939 has therefore always raised painful questions about Britain's failure to deal with Nazism. Could some other course of action have destroyed Hitler when he was still weak? In this highly disturbing new book, Ian Kershaw examines this crucial issue. He concentrates on the figure of Lord Londonderry - grandee, patriot, cousin of Churchill and the government minister responsible for the RAF at a crucial point in its existence. Londonderry's reaction to the rise of Hitler-to pursue friendship with the Nazis at all costs-raises fundamental questions about Britain's role in the 1930s and whether in practice there was ever any possibility of preventing Hitler's leading Europe once again into war.

  • Anglais The End

    Ian Kershaw

    SUNDAY TIMES, TLS, SPECTATOR, SUNDAY TELEGRAPH, DAILY MAIL and SCOTLAND ON SUNDAY BOOKS OF THE YEARThe last months of the Second World War were a nightmarish time to be alive. Unimaginable levels of violence destroyed entire cities. Millions died or were dispossessed. By all kinds of criteria it was the end: the end of the Third Reich and its terrible empire but also, increasingly, it seemed to be the end of European civilization itself.In his gripping, revelatory new book Ian Kershaw describes these final months, from the failed attempt to assassinate Hitler in July 1944 to the German surrender in May 1945. The major question that Kershaw attempts to answer is: what made Germany keep on fighting? In almost every major war there has come a point where defeat has loomed for one side and its rulers have cut a deal with the victors, if only in an attempt to save their own skins. In Hitler's Germany, nothing of this kind happened: in the end the regime had to be stamped out town by town with a level of brutality almost without precedent.Both a highly original piece of research and a gripping narrative, The End makes vivid an era which still deeply scars Europe. It raises the most profound questions about the nature of the Second World War, about the Third Reich and about how ordinary people behave in extreme circumstances.Ian Kershaw is the author of Hitler 1889-1936: Hubris; Hitler 1936-1945: Nemesis; Making Friends with Hitler; and Fateful Choices: Ten Decisions that Changed the World, 1940-4. Hitler 1936-1945: Nemesis received the Wolfson History Prize and the Bruno Kreisky Prize in Austria for Political Book of the Year, and was joint winner of the inaugural British Academy Book Prize. Until his retirement in 2008, Ian Kershaw was Professor of Modern History at the University of Sheffield. For services to history he was given the German award of the Federal Cross of Merit in 1994. He was knighted in 2002 and awarded the Norton Medlicott Medal by the Historical Association in 2004. He is a Fellow of the British Academy, and was the winner of the Leipzig Book Prize for European Understanding 2012.

  • Ian Kershaw's HITLER allows us to come closer than ever before to a serious understanding of the man and of the catastrophic sequence of events which allowed a bizarre misfit to climb from a Viennese dosshouse to leadership of one of Europe's most sophisticated countries. With extraordinary skill and vividness, drawing on a huge range of sources, Kershaw recreates the world which first thwarted and then nurtured the young Hitler. As his seemingly pitiful fantasy of being Germany's saviour attracted more and more support, Kershaw brilliantly conveys why so many Germans adored Hitler, connived with him or felt powerless to resist him.

  • Following the enormous success of HITLER: HUBRIS this book triumphantly completes one of the great modern biographies. No figure in twentieth century history more clearly demands a close biographical understanding than Adolf Hitler; and no period is more important than the Second World War. Beginning with Hitler's startling European successes in the aftermath of the Rhinelland occupation and ending nine years later with the suicide in the Berlin bunker, Kershaw allows us as never before to understand the motivation and the impact of this bizarre misfit. He addresses the crucial questions about the unique nature of Nazi radicalism, about the Holocaust and about the poisoned European world that allowed Hitler to operate so effectively.

  • "Chilling... To Hell and Back should be required reading in every chancellery, every editorial cockpit and every place where peevish Euroskeptics do their thinking…. Kershaw documents each and every ‘ism’ of his analysis with extraordinary detail and passionate humanism."--The New York Times Book Review
    The Penguin History of Europe series reaches the twentieth century with acclaimed scholar Ian Kershaw’s long-anticipated analysis of the pivotal years of World War I and World War II.
    The European catastrophe, the long continuous period from 1914 to 1949, was unprecedented in human history--an extraordinarily dramatic, often traumatic, and endlessly fascinating period of upheaval and transformation. This new volume in the Penguin History of Europe series offers comprehensive coverage of this tumultuous era. Beginning with the outbreak of World War I through the rise of Hitler and the aftermath of the Second World War, award-winning British historian Ian Kershaw combines his characteristic original scholarship and gripping prose as he profiles the key decision makers and the violent shocks of war as they affected the entire European continent and radically altered the course of European history. Kershaw identifies four major causes for this catastrophe: an explosion of ethnic-racist nationalism, bitter and irreconcilable demands for territorial revisionism, acute class conflict given concrete focus through the Bolshevik Revolution, and a protracted crisis of capitalism.
    Incisive, brilliantly written, and filled with penetrating insights, To Hell and Back offers an indispensable study of a period in European history whose effects are still being felt today.
    From the Hardcover edition.

  • 'It is now time that something was done. But the man who has the courage to do something must do it in the knowledge that he will go down in German history as a traitor. If he does not, however, he will be a traitor to his own conscience' Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg, July 1944The July 1944 Plot to kill Adolf Hitler was a desperate attempt by a group of senior officers to redeem Germany's honour and end the Second World War. They were heroic because they knew their chances of success were slight and that the result of their failure would undoubtedly be a terrible death. They wanted to leave a message for later generations: that there were Germans who understood the evils of Nazism and were willing to act against it. This extraordinary story is the basis for Bryan Singer's major new film Valkyrie, due to be released in February 2009. Published for the first time as a separate book, Luck of the Devil is taken from Ian Kershaw's bestselling Hitler 1936-1945: Nemesis and is a brilliant account of just what happened in those fateful days at Hitler's Wolf's Lair headquarters, when his opponents came so astonishingly close to assassinating what is one of the modern era's most terrible figures.

  • TELEGRAPH BOOKS OF THE YEAR AND EDITOR'S CHOICE 2015In the summer of 1914 most of Europe plunged into a war so catastrophic that it unhinged the continent's politics and beliefs in a way that took generations to recover from. The disaster terrified its survivors, shocked that a civilization that had blandly assumed itself to be a model for the rest of the world had collapsed into a chaotic savagery beyond any comparison. In 1939 Europeans would initiate a second conflict that managed to be even worse - a war in which the killing of civilians was central and which culminated in the Holocaust.To Hell and Back tells this story with humanity, flair and originality. Kershaw gives a compelling narrative of events, but he also wrestles with the most difficult issues that the events raise - with what it meant for the Europeans who initiated and lived through such fearful times - and what this means for us.

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