• Faits et valeurs

    Abbott Andrew

    Depuis que la sociologie s'est édifiée en discipline, la question de l'articulation entre pensée empirique et pensée normative - entre faits et valeurs - y occupe une place à la fois centrale et problématique. La multiplicité et la diversité des « ontologies » semblent en effet n'avoir offert aucune perspective totalement satisfaisante, laissant cette question en suspens. D'Émile Durkheim à Max Weber, Andrew Abbott revisite les théories classiques qui se sont construites en réaction au dualisme kantien des trois Critiques, pour poser les jalons de sa propre théorie du processus social. Il tente ainsi de dépasser l'opposition stricte entre le monde des faits et celui des possibilités et des valeurs : entre l'historicisme (Karl Marx) et les thèses du droit naturel et de l'économie scientifique (Alfred Marshall). Au fil d'une réflexion ponctuée d'exemples concrets et de métaphores éclairantes, les fondements d'un nouveau « processualisme » se dessinent peu à peu. Cette approche du monde social prône l'instauration d'un dialogue dynamique entre faits et valeurs - entre passé et futur - pour saisir le flux des processus historiques qui interagissent en permanence au sein d'un présent « épais ».

  • Edited by distinguished experts in this expanding field and with specialist contributions, this overview is the first of its kind to focus on electrodeposition from ionic liquids.
    This second edition has been completely revised and updated with approximately 20% new content and has been expanded by five chapters to cover the following topics:
    -Bulk and Interface Theory
    -Nanoscale Imaging including AFM, In situ STM and UHV-STM
    -Impedance Spectroscopy
    -Process Scale-up including Brighteners
    -Speciation and Redox Properties.
    The result is essential reading for electrochemists, materials scientists, chemists in industry, physical chemists, chemical engineers, inorganic and organic chemists.

  • Construction innovation is an important but contested concept, both in industry practice and academic reflection and research. A fundamental reason for this is the nature of the construction industry itself: the industry and the value creation activities taking place there are multi-disciplinary, heterogeneous, distributed and often fragmented.   This book takes a new approach to construction innovation, revealing different perspectives, set in a broader context. It coalesces multiple theoretical and practice-based views in order to stimulate reflection and to prepare the ground for further synthesis. By being clear, cogent and unambiguous on the most basic definitions, it can mobilise a plurality of perspectives on innovation to promote fresh thinking on how it can be studied, enabled, measured, and propagated across the industry.   This book does not gloss over the real-life complexity of construction innovation. Instead,  its authors look explicitly at the challenges that conceptual issues entail and by making their own position clear, they open up fresh intellectual space for reflection.   Construction Innovation examines innovation from different positions and through different conceptual lenses to reveal the richness that the theoretical perspectives offer to our understanding of the way that the construction sector actors innovate at both project and organizational levels.   The editors have brought together here leading scholars to deconstruct the concept of innovation and to discuss the merits of different perspectives, their commonalities and their diversity. The result is an invaluable sourcebook for those studying and leading innovation in the design, the building and the maintenance of our built environment.

  • Reflecting the dramatic rise in interest shown in this field over the last few years, this book collates the widespread knowledge into one handy volume. It covers in depth all classes of ionic liquids thus far in existence, with the individual chapters written by internationally recognized experts. The text is written to suit several levels of difficulty, containing information on basic physical chemistry in ionic liquids, a theory on the conductivity as well as plating protocols suited to undergraduate courses. The whole is rounded off with an appendix providing experimental procedures to enable readers to experiment with ionic liquids for themselves.