Provides in-depth knowledge on molecular electronics and emphasizes the techniques for designing molecular junctions with controlled functionalities
This comprehensive book covers the major advances with the most general applicability in the field of molecular electronic devices. It emphasizes new insights into the development of efficient platform methodologies for building such reliable devices with desired functionalities through the combination of programmed bottom-up self-assembly and sophisticated top-down device fabrication. It also helps to develop an understanding of the device fabrication processes and the characteristics of the resulting electrode-molecule interface.
Beginning with an introduction to the subject, Molecular-Scale Electronics: Concept, Fabrication and Applications offers full chapter coverage on topics such as: Metal Electrodes for Molecular Electronics; Carbon Electrodes for Molecular Electronics; Other Electrodes for Molecular Electronics; Novel Phenomena in Single-Molecule Junctions; and Supramolecular Interactions in Single-Molecule Junctions. Other chapters discuss Theoretical Aspects for Electron Transport through Molecular Junctions; Characterization Techniques for Molecular Electronics; and Integrating Molecular Functionalities into Electrical Circuits. The book finishes with a summary of the primary challenges facing the field and offers an outlook at its future.
* Summarizes a number of different approaches for forming molecular-scale junctions and discusses various experimental techniques for examining these nanoscale circuits in detail
* Gives overview of characterization techniques and theoretical simulations for molecular electronics
* Highlights the major contributions and new concepts of integrating molecular functionalities into electrical circuits
* Provides a critical discussion of limitations and main challenges that still exist for the development of molecular electronics
* Suited for readers studying or doing research in the broad fields of Nano/molecular electronics and other device-related fields
Molecular-Scale Electronics is an excellent book for materials scientists, electrochemists, electronics engineers, physical chemists, polymer chemists, and solid-state chemists. It will also benefit physicists, semiconductor physicists, engineering scientists, and surface chemists.
This book highlights the preparation and characterization of efficient electromagnetic shielding composites containing bio-carbon derived from natural loofah with unique three-dimensional porous structures by means of entire structure design of composites according to shielding theory. The synergistic effect of multifunctional nanoparticles and bio-carbon on electromagnetic shielding mechanism, mechanical performance, and thermal stability of composites obtained has been holistically investigated. The discovery of this renewable, environmentally friendly, and inexpensive bio-carbon represents a new class of conductive materials with multi-interfaces and unravels further research and development of a wide variety of new electromagnetic shielding material systems with potential commercial applications ranging from electronic devices to energy management.?
This book focuses on the preparation and characterisation of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/ halloysite nanotube (HNT) bionanocomposite films with different HNT contents for potential use in food packaging. It examines the effect of material composition and nanofiller content on mechanical, thermal and optical properties in relation to their morphological structures, and also comprehensively describes the water resistance, biodegradation and migration rates of such bionanocomposites, as well as their barrier properties in terms of water vapour transmission, and water vapour, air and oxygen permeabilities. Further, this book discusses the use of Nielsen model and Cussler model to predict the relative permeability of bionanocomposites, demonstrating that Nielsen model is more effective and in better agreement with experimental data obtained. Lastly, it discusses the application of bionanocomposite films in food packaging to prolong the shelf life of freshly cut avocados and peaches.
This book provides detailed practical guidelines on how to develop an efficient pathological brain detection system, reflecting the latest advances in the computer-aided diagnosis of structural magnetic resonance brain images. Matlab codes are provided for most of the functions described. In addition, the book equips readers to easily develop the pathological brain detection system further on their own and apply the technologies to other research fields, such as Alzheimer's detection, multiple sclerosis detection, etc.
This book provides a comprehensive overview of the recent advancement in the field of automatic speech recognition with a focus on deep learning models including deep neural networks and many of their variants. This is the first automatic speech recognition book dedicated to the deep learning approach. In addition to the rigorous mathematical treatment of the subject, the book also presents insights and theoretical foundation of a series of highly successful deep learning models.
This book gathers high-quality papers presented at the International Conference on Smart Trends for Information Technology and Computer Communications (SmartCom 2019), organized by the Global Knowledge Research Foundation (GR Foundation) from 24 to 25 January 2019. It covers the state-of-the-art and emerging topics pertaining to information, computer communications, and effective strategies for their use in engineering and managerial applications. It also explores and discusses the latest technological advances in, and future directions for, information and knowledge computing and its applications.
This book gathers the proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Frontiers of Intelligent Computing: Theory and Applications (FICTA 2020), held at NIT Surathkal, Karnataka, India, on 4-5 January 2020. In these proceedings, researchers, scientists, engineers and practitioners share new ideas and lessons learned in the field of intelligent computing theories with prospective applications in various engineering disciplines. The respective papers cover broad areas of the information and decision sciences, and explore both the theoretical and practical aspects of data-intensive computing, data mining, evolutionary computation, knowledge management and networks, sensor networks, signal processing, wireless networks, protocols and architectures. Given its scope, the book offers a valuable resource for graduate students in various engineering disciplines.
This book features a collection of high-quality, peer-reviewed papers presented at the Third International Conference on Intelligent Computing and Communication (ICICC 2019) held at the School of Engineering, Dayananda Sagar University, Bengaluru, India, on 7 - 8 June 2019. Discussing advanced and multi-disciplinary research regarding the design of smart computing and informatics, it focuses on innovation paradigms in system knowledge, intelligence and sustainability that can be applied to provide practical solutions to a number of problems in society, the environment and industry. Further, the book also addresses the deployment of emerging computational and knowledge transfer approaches, optimizing solutions in various disciplines of science, technology and healthcare.
This book presents the proceedings of 8th International Conference on Frontiers of Intelligent Computing: Theory and Applications (FICTA 2020), which aims to bring together researchers, scientists, engineers and practitioners to share new ideas and experiences in the domain of intelligent computing theories with prospective applications to various engineering disciplines. The book is divided into two volumes: Evolution in Computational Intelligence (Volume 1) and Intelligent Data Engineering and Analytics (Volume 2).
Covering a broad range of topics in computational intelligence, the book features papers on theoretical as well as practical aspects of areas such as ANN and genetic algorithms, computer interaction, intelligent control optimization, evolutionary computing, intelligent e-learning systems, machine learning, mobile computing, and multi-agent systems. As such, it is a valuable reference resource for postgraduate students in various engineering disciplines.
This book gathers high-quality papers presented at the International Conference on Smart Trends for Information Technology and Computer Communications (SmartCom 2020), organized by the Global Knowledge Research Foundation (GR Foundation) from 23 to 24 January 2020. It covers the state-of-the-art and emerging topics in information, computer communications, and effective strategies for their use in engineering and managerial applications. It also explores and discusses the latest technological advances in, and future directions for, information and knowledge computing and its applications.
This book highlights a novel and holistic approach to multiscaled PVA bionanocomposite films used for electrical sensing, medical and packaging applications. With a combination of material characterization and modeling to understand the effect of nanoparticle size and shape, as well as 3D interphase properties and features such as interphase modulus and nanoscale dimensions, this book substantiates how excellent mechanical and thermal properties of these materials are achieved. Also it addresses the importance of using economical and ecofriendly bionanocomposites as potential green materials to support the goal of environmental sustainability with multifunctional properties.
This book presents the peer-reviewed proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Computational and Bioengineering (CBE 2020) jointly organized in virtual mode by the Department of Computer Science and the Department of BioScience & Sericulture, Sri Padmavati Mahila Visvavidyalayam (Women's University), Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India, during 4-5 December 2020. The book includes the latest research on advanced computational methodologies such as artificial intelligence, data mining and data warehousing, cloud computing, computational intelligence, soft computing, image processing, Internet of things, cognitive computing, wireless networks, social networks, big data analytics, machine learning, network security, computer networks and communications, bioinformatics, biocomputing/biometrics, computational biology, biomaterials, bioengineering, and medical and biomedical informatics.
This book covers virtually all aspects of image formation in medical imaging, including systems based on ionizing radiation (x-rays, gamma rays) and non-ionizing techniques (ultrasound, optical, thermal, magnetic resonance, and magnetic particle imaging) alike. In addition, it discusses the development and application of computer-aided detection and diagnosis (CAD) systems in medical imaging. Also there will be a special track on computer-aided diagnosis on COVID-19 by CT and X-rays images.
Given its coverage, the book provides both a forum and valuable resource for researchers involved in image formation, experimental methods, image performance, segmentation, pattern recognition, feature extraction, classifier design, machine learning / deep learning, radiomics, CAD workstation design, human-computer interaction, databases, and performance evaluation.
This book gathers high-quality papers presented at the Fifth International Conference on Smart Trends in Computing and Communications (SmartCom 2021), organized by Global Knowledge Research Foundation (GR Foundation) from March 2 - 3 , 2021. It covers the state of the art and emerging topics in information, computer communications, and effective strategies for their use in engineering and managerial applications. It also explores and discusses the latest technological advances in, and future directions for, information and knowledge computing and its applications.
This book highlights current advanced developments in bioepoxy and bioepoxy/clay nanocomposites and an optimisation of material formulation and processing parameters on fabrication of bioepoxy/clay nanocomposites in order to achieve the highest mechanical properties in relation to their morphological structures, thermal properties, as well as biodegradability and water absorption, which is based on the use of Taguchi design of experiments with the consideration of technical and economical point of view. It also elaborates holistic theoretical modelling of tensile properties of such bionanocomposites with respect to the effect of contents of nanoclay fillers and epoxydised soybean oil (ESO).
The book presents studies related to artificial intelligence (AI) and its applications to process and analyze data and big data to create machines or software that can better understand business behavior, industry activities, and human health. The studies were presented at "The 2021 International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Big Data in Digital Era" (ICABDE 2021), which was held in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, during December 18-19, 2021.
The studies are pointing toward the famous slogan in technology "Make everything smarter," i.e., creating machines that can understand and can communicate with humans, and they must act like humans in different aspects such as vision, communication, thinking, feeling, and acting.
"A computer would deserve to be called intelligent if it could deceive a human into believing that it was human" -Alan Turing
This book presents a collection of high-quality, peer-reviewed research papers from the 7th International Conference on Information System Design and Intelligent Applications (India 2022), held at BVRIT Hyderabad College of Engineering for Women, Hyderabad, Telangana, India, from February 25 to 26, 2022. It covers a wide range of topics in computer science and information technology, including data mining and data warehousing, high-performance computing, parallel and distributed computing, computational intelligence, soft computing, big data, cloud computing, grid computing and cognitive computing.
The formulation and the technological advancements in RNA biology, chemistry, stability, and encapsulated delivery systems that have enabled the development of fully synthetic mRNA vaccines are discussed in this volume. The applications of the mRNA technology is covered, focusing on infectious diseases but also touching on other indications, such as immunotherapies and molecular therapies. Potent and long-lasting immune responses observed in animal models, encouraging data from early human clinical studies, together with the success of two mRNA-based COVID-19 vaccines support the use of mRNA-based vaccination as an attractive alternative to conventional vaccine approaches. Consequently, the development progress of the technology, particularly on production, capabilities, and clinical development is reviewed. Topics on safety, regulatory issues, and possible challenges to the mRNA vaccination approach round off this book. Thanks to their high potency, the prospect for generic, low-cost manufacturing processes, and entirely synthetic nature, the future for mRNA vaccines is highly promising. Importantly, mRNA vaccines have the potential to minimize the time between pathogen identification and vaccine release with a huge impact on public health. As the mRNA-based vaccination technology has been progressing rapidly, the book is intended to be an end-to-end review series, covering everything from basic RNA biology and preclinical studies to the manufacturing strategy, clinical development and regulatory approval. It provides established RNA researchers and developers with updates on the latest advancements in the field and allows for a quick but comprehensive overview of this transformative technology, its application, and future potential.
This book picks Cisco as an example to propose a framework of ambidextrous integration of innovation and operation, which is the key to the success of global companies along their evolutions, especially for those technology companies. The authors try to find how the company combines active innovation and efficient operation for its sustainable development. On the basis of comprehensive analysis of the strategic leadership, change management, innovation system, M&As, IT-enabled value chains, collaboration, etc., in Cisco, as well as the interviews with Cisco staff, this book shows that management practices shape the balance of internal-external resources for explorative-exploitative innovations. IT strategies and implementation enable efficient operations when innovations are identified and justified in the leading company. Managerial insights for sustainable competitiveness can be gained from Cisco practices in this book. The companion of the book, Huawei: From Catching up to Lead, telling another growth path of technology company in China by similar framework.