Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, better known as Vladimir Lenin, was a Russian revolutionary, politician, and political theorist. He served as the first and founding head of government of Soviet Russia from 1917 to 1924 and of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1924. Under his administration, Russia, and later the Soviet Union, became a one-party socialist state governed by the Communist Party. Ideologically a Marxist, his developments to the ideology are called Leninism.
Russia in the Shadows is a book by H. G. Wells published early in 1921, which includes a series of articles previously printed in The Sunday Express in connection with Wells's second visit to Russia (after a previous trip in January 1914 to St. Petersburg and Moscow) in September and October 1920.
During his visit to Russia he visited his old friend Maxim Gorky, whom he had first met in 1906 on a trip to the United States, and who arranged Wells's meeting with Lenin.
In a chapter (The Dreamer in the Kremlin) devoted to an interview with Lenin at the Kremlin Wells describes the leader and founder of Russian communism. Wells portrays Lenin as a pragmatic leader who "has recently stripped off the last pretence that the Russian revolution is anything more than the inauguration of an age of limitless experiment."
State and Revolution
What Is to Be Done?,
Imperialism: The Final Stage of Capitalism
The State and Revolution
The Three Sources and Three Component Parts of Marxism
Vladimir Lenin To the Citizens of Russia!
Vladimir Lenin To Workers, Soldiers, and Peasants!
Report on Peace
Report on Land
Decree on Abolishment of Capital Punishment
Decree on Transfer of Power to the Soviets
Decree on Establishment of the Workers' and Peasants' Government
Decree on Elections for the Constituent Assembly
Decree on Suppression of Hostile Newspapers
Decree on Transfer of Food Control to Municipalities
Decree on an Eight-Hour Working Day
Decree on the Right to Issue Laws
Resolution on the Right of Sovnarkom to Issue Decrees
Decree on Social Insurance
Declaration of the Rights of the People of Russia
Decree on Organization of Volost Land Committees
Decree on Transfer of Power and the Means of Production to the Toilers
Decree Proclaiming Advertising a State Monopoly
Decree Abolishing Classes and Civil Ranks
Decree on Workers' Control
Resolution on Relation of the Central Executive Committee to the Sovnarkom
Decree on the Right to Call for Re-Elections
Decree on Establishment of the Extraordinary Commission to Fight Counter-Revolution
V. I. Lenin Note To F. E. Dzerzhinsky with a Draft of A Decree On Fighting Counter-Revolutionaries And Saboteurs
H. G. Wells:
The Dreamer in the Kremlin by H. G. Wells
Communism is a left-wing to far-left sociopolitical, philosophical, and economic ideology within the socialist movement, whose goal is the establishment of a communist society, a socioeconomic order centered around common ownership of the means of production, distribution, and exchange that allocates products to everyone in the society. Communist society also involves the absence of private property, social classes, money, and the state. Communists often seek a voluntary state of self-governance but disagree on the means to this end. This reflects a distinction between a more libertarian approach of communization, revolutionary spontaneity, and workers' self-management, and a more vanguardist or Communist party-driven approach through the development of a constitutional socialist state followed by the withering away of the state. As one of the main ideologies on the political spectrum, communism is placed on the left-wing alongside socialism, and communist parties and movements have been described as radical left or far left.
Manifesto of the Communist Party
The Class Struggles in France
The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte
Socialism: Utopian and Scientific
The Conquest of Bread
Mutual Aid: A Factor in Evolution
State and Revolution
What Is to Be Done?
Imperialism: the Highest Stage of Capitalism
The Foundations of Leninism
Anarchism or Socialism?
Marxism and the National Question
Organization of a Russian Federal Republic
The October Revolution and the National Question
Dialectical and Historical Materialism
Marxism and Problems of Linguistics
History of the Russian Revolution
The Revolution Betrayed
Our Revolution Essays on Working-Class and International Revolution, 1904-1917
Dictatorship vs. Democracy
From October to Brest-Litovsk
Results and Prospects
The Permanent Revolution
Literature and Revolution
The Bolsheviki and World Peace