Charles Spence

  • Charles Spence, Professeur à l'Université d'Oxford, mondialement connu pour ses travaux sur l'alimentation, a travaillé avec les géants de l'industrie - Krügg, Toyota, et ICI. Avec son Gastrophysique, vendu à plus de 200 000 exemplaires dans le monde, il nous livre les secrets d'une nouvelle science qui nous éclaire sur nos choix alimentaires.
    Pourquoi consommons-nous 35 % de nourriture en plus lorsqu'on partage un repas avec une autre personne, et 75 % quand on mange avec trois personnes ? Pourquoi consommons-nous du jus de tomate en avion ? Comment les chefs et les entreprises envisagent-ils de transformer nos expériences culinaires ? Voici quelques ingrédients de la gastrophysique de Charles Spence. Ce professeur de l'Université d'Oxford nous explique comment nos sens, au-delà du goût, influencent nos comportements alimentaires, et nous révèle l'importance de tous les éléments d'un repas : le poids des couverts, le placement dans l'assiette, la musique de fond et bien plus encore.
    " Les plaisirs de la table résident dans notre esprit et non dans notre bouche. Cette vérité nous fait vite comprendre pourquoi la cuisine, aussi excellente soit-elle, a ses limites. C'est le rôle de " tout le reste " que nous devons comprendre pour déterminer ce qui rend vraiment les aliments et les boissons si agréables, stimulants et, surtout, mémorables. À y regarder de plus près, même une chose aussi simple que mordre dans une pêche mûre et fraîche est une expérience multisensorielle incroyablement complexe. Pensons-y un instant : notre cerveau doit combiner l'arôme, le goût, la texture, la couleur et le son des dents qui mordent la chair juteuse, sans parler de la sensation veloutée du duvet de la pêche dans la main et dans la bouche. Tous ces stimulus sensoriels, en plus de nos souvenirs, contribuent, bien plus que nous ne pouvons l'imaginer, à la détermination de la saveur. Et tout se combine dans notre cerveau ".
    Critiques :

    "La science populaire à son meilleur. Un texte clairvoyant, divertissant et truffé de faits que vous pouvez utiliser dans la cuisine, en classe ou au pub. " -; Daniel J. Levitin, auteur de The Organized Mind et This Is Your Brain on Music

    " Un regard fascinant sur la science de l'alimentation et sur la façon dont notre perception est façonnée par tous nos sens, pas seulement par le goût. " -; Sunday Times (UK)

    " Si le simple changement du nom d'un plat sur un menu ou de la couleur de l'assiette sur laquelle il est servi peut altérer considérablement notre perception du goût et de la qualité des aliments, tous les professionnels de la restauration doivent le lire et approfondir leurs
    réflexions. " - Larry Olmsted, auteur de Real Food, Fake Food, (New York Times Bestseller)
    " Peu de gens sont aussi disposés à comprendre l'importance des sens que
    Charles Spence. " - Ferran Adrià, Le restaurant El Bulli, Espagne
    " On ne peut pas ne pas se divertir, s'informer et s'éblouir. " - Heston
    Blumenthal, Le restaurant Fat Duck, Royaume-Uni

  • A ground-breaking book by the world-leading expert in sensory science: Freakonomics for foodWhy do we consume 35% more food when eating with one more person, and 75% more when with three? Why are 27% of drinks bought on aeroplanes tomato juice? How are chefs and companies planning to transform our dining experiences, and what can we learn from their cutting-edge insights to make memorable meals at home?These are just some of the ingredients of Gastrophysics, in which the pioneering Oxford professor Charles Spence shows how our senses link up in the most extraordinary ways, and reveals the importance of all the "off-the-plate" elements of a meal: the weight of cutlery, the colour of the plate (his lab showed that red is associated with sweetness - we perceive salty popcorn as tasting sweet when served in a red bowl), the background music and much more. Whether dining alone or at a dinner party, on a plane or in front of the TV, he reveals how to understand what we're tasting and influence what others experience. Meal-times will genuinely never be the same again.

  • Out of all the human senses, touch is the one that is most often unappreciated, and undervalued. Yet, the surface of the human body, the skin, is actually one huge sheet of tactile receptors. It provides us with the means to connect with our surroundings. Despite the important role that vision plays in our everyday lives, it is the skin that constitutes both the oldest, and by far the largest of our sense organs. The skin protects our body from the external world and, at the same time, informs us about what occurs on its surface.

    In Touch With The Future explores the science of touch, bringing together the latest findings from cognitive neuroscience about the processing of tactile information in humans. The book provides a comprehensive overview of scientific knowledge regarding themes such as tactile memory, tactile awareness (consciousness), tactile attention, the role of touch in interpersonal and sexual interactions, and the neurological substrates of touch. It highlights the many ways in which our growing understanding of the world of touch can, and in some cases already are, being applied in the real world in everything from the development of virtual reality (VR) environments, tablet PCs, mobile phones, and even teledildonics - the ultimate frontier in terms of adult entertainment.

    In addition, the book shows how the cognitive neuroscience approach to the study of touch can be applied to help improve the design of many real-world applications/products as well as to many of our everyday experiences, such as those related to the appreciation of food, marketing, packaging design, the development of enhanced sensory substitution systems, art, and man-machine interfaces. Crucially, the authors makes a convincing argument for the view that one cannot really understand touch, especially not in a real-world context, without placing it in a multisensory context. That is, the senses interact to influence tactile perception in everything - from changing the feel of a surface or product by changing the sound it makes or the fragrance it has.

    For students and researchers in the brain sciences, this book presents a valuable and fascinating exploration into one of our least understood senses

  • We perceive and understand our environment using many sensory systems-vision, touch, hearing, taste, smell, and proprioception. These multiple sensory modalities not only give us complementary sources of information about the environment but also an understanding that is richer and more complex than one modality alone could achieve. As adults, we integrate the multiple signals from these sense organs into unified functional representations. However, the ease with which we accomplish this feat belies its computational complexity. Not only do the senses convey information about the environment in different neural codes, but the relationship between the senses frequently changes when, for example, the body changes posture (e.g. when the eyes move in their sockets), or indeed shape, when the body grows across development. These computational problems prompt an important question which represents the key focus of this book: How do we develop the ability to integrate the senses? While there is a considerable literature on the development of single senses, such as vision or hearing, few books have considered the development of all our senses, and more importantly, how they develop the ability to work with each other.

    This book is unique in exploring this extraordinary feat of human nature - how we develop the ability to integrate our senses. It will be an important book for all those in the fields of cognitive and developmental neuroscience.

  • Out of all the human senses, touch is the one that is most often unappreciated, and undervalued. Yet, the surface of the human body, the skin, is actually one huge sheet of tactile receptors. It provides us with the means to connect with our surroundings. Despite the important role that vision plays in our everyday lives, it is the skin that constitutes both the oldest, and by far the largest of our sense organs. The skin protects our body from the external world and, at the same time, informs us about what occurs on its surface.

    In Touch With The Future explores the science of touch, bringing together the latest findings from cognitive neuroscience about the processing of tactile information in humans. The book provides a comprehensive overview of scientific knowledge regarding themes such as tactile memory, tactile awareness (consciousness), tactile attention, the role of touch in interpersonal and sexual interactions, and the neurological substrates of touch. It highlights the many ways in which our growing understanding of the world of touch can, and in some cases already are, being applied in the real world in everything from the development of virtual reality (VR) environments, tablet PCs, mobile phones, and even teledildonics - the ultimate frontier in terms of adult entertainment.

    In addition, the book shows how the cognitive neuroscience approach to the study of touch can be applied to help improve the design of many real-world applications/products as well as to many of our everyday experiences, such as those related to the appreciation of food, marketing, packaging design, the development of enhanced sensory substitution systems, art, and man-machine interfaces. Crucially, the authors makes a convincing argument for the view that one cannot really understand touch, especially not in a real-world context, without placing it in a multisensory context. That is, the senses interact to influence tactile perception in everything - from changing the feel of a surface or product by changing the sound it makes or the fragrance it has.

    For students and researchers in the brain sciences, this book presents a valuable and fascinating exploration into one of our least understood senses

  • Assessment of human casualties in earthquakes has become a topic of vital importance for national and urban authorities responsible for emergency provision, for the development of mitigation strategies and for the development of adequate insurance schemes. In the last few
    years important work has been carried out on a number of recent events (including earthquakes in Kocaeli, Turkey 1999, Niigata Japan, 2004, Sichuan, China 2008 and L'Aquila,Italy 2009). These events have created new and detailed casualty data, which has not until now been properly assembled and evaluated.

    This book draws the new evidence from recent events together with existing knowledge. It summarises current trends in the understanding of the factors influencing the numbers and types of casualties in earthquakes; it offers methods to incorporate this understanding into the estimation of losses in future events in different parts of the world; it discusses ways in which pre-event mitigation activity and post-event emergency management can reduce the toll of casualties in future events; and it identifies future research needs.

  • The authors of The Perfect Meal examine all of the elements that contribute to the diners experience of a meal (primarily at a restaurant) and investigate how each of the diners senses contributes to their overall multisensory experience. The principal focus of the book is not on flavor perception, but on all of the non-food and beverage factors that have been shown to influence the diners overall experience.Examples are:the colour of the plate (visual)the shape of the glass (visual/tactile)the names used to describe the dishes (cognitive)the background music playing inside the restaurant (aural)Novel approaches to understanding the diners experience in the restaurant setting are explored from the perspectives of decision neuroscience, marketing, design, and psychology.

  • This edited collection presents state-of-the-art reviews of the latest developments in multisensory packaging design. Bringing together leading researchers and practitioners working in the field, the contributions consider how our growing understanding of the human senses, as well as new technologies, will transform the way in which we design, interact with, and experience food and beverage, home and personal care, and fast-moving consumer products packaging. Spanning all of the senses from colour meaning, imagery and font, touch and sonic packaging, a new framework for multisensory packaging analysis is outlined. Including a number of case studies and examples, this book provides both practical application and theoretical discussion to appeal to students, researchers, and practitioners alike.

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